On-line sample concentration and determination of cationic alkaloids in human plasma by micelle to solvent stacking in capillary zone electrophoresis
Publication year: 2012Source:
Journal of Chromatography B
Shuaihua Zhang, Ruiyang Ma, Xiumin Yang, Chun Wang, Zhi Wang A sensitive method for the determination of three cationic alkaloids (berberine, palmatine and jatrorrhizine) from human plasma samples was developed by micelle to solvent stacking (MSS) in capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE). In MSS, the sample preconcentration mainly relies on the reversal in the effective electrophoretic mobility of the analytes at the boundary zone between the sample and CZE background solution (BGS). Under the optimized conditions, the sensitivity enhancement factors achieved in terms of corrected peak area were in the range from 47 to 53 for the alkaloids. The limits of detection (LODs) (S/N =3) for berberine, palmatine and jatrorrhizine were 0.01, 0.01 and 0.02μg/mL, respectively. The intraday (n=6) and interday repeatabilities (n=12) expressed as the relative standard deviations (RSDs) were less than 6.9% in terms of peak height and less than 7.3% in terms of corrected peak area, respectively. The recoveries of the method for the three alkaloids were in the range of 95.9- 101.5% with peak height as the quantitative signal, and 92.6- 103.6% with corrected peak area as the quantitative signal, respectively. The MSS-CZE method proved to be suitable for the analysis of the alkaloids in human plasma samples.
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ScienceDirect Publication: Journal of Chromatography B.