Multiplex quantitative analysis of eicosanoid mediators in human plasma and serum: Possible introduction into clinical testing

Publication date: 15 November 2017
Source:Journal of Chromatography B, Volumes 1068–1069
Author(s): Atsushi Yasumoto, Suzumi M. Tokuoka, Yoshihiro Kita, Takao Shimizu, Yutaka Yatomi
Eicosanoid mediators play important roles in maintaining the physiological and pathophysiological homeostasis in the body. Their measurements, however, are rarely performed in clinical practice. In the present study, we analyzed 30 varieties of eicosanoid mediators that were detectable in human plasma and serum collected from healthy donors, using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry from the viewpoint of the clinical application of the multiplex quantitation of eicosanoid mediators. Wider variety of eicosanoid mediators were detected in serum (27 out of 30) than in plasma (14 out of 30), since the serum was thought to contain lipid mediators released from activated platelets. Larger inter-individual variations were observed in the plasma and serum eicosanoid levels. On the other hand, the concentrations of eicosanoids were not affected by the platelet count but were affected by the concentration of arachidonic acid (AA) within the reference interval (17.4–40.5×1010/L). When serum samples from patients with hematological disorders were analyzed, the concentrations of AA were positively correlated with the platelet count. When the patients underwent ASA therapy, a marked decrease in the concentrations of thromboxane B2 (TXB2) and 12-hydroxyl-heptadecatrienoic acid (12-HHT) was observed. Considering the availability of serum samples in clinical settings, the serum analysis of eicosanoids may be clinically useful.

Publication date: 15 November 2017
Source:Journal of Chromatography B, Volumes 1068–1069

Author(s): Atsushi Yasumoto, Suzumi M. Tokuoka, Yoshihiro Kita, Takao Shimizu, Yutaka Yatomi

Eicosanoid mediators play important roles in maintaining the physiological and pathophysiological homeostasis in the body. Their measurements, however, are rarely performed in clinical practice. In the present study, we analyzed 30 varieties of eicosanoid mediators that were detectable in human plasma and serum collected from healthy donors, using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry from the viewpoint of the clinical application of the multiplex quantitation of eicosanoid mediators. Wider variety of eicosanoid mediators were detected in serum (27 out of 30) than in plasma (14 out of 30), since the serum was thought to contain lipid mediators released from activated platelets. Larger inter-individual variations were observed in the plasma and serum eicosanoid levels. On the other hand, the concentrations of eicosanoids were not affected by the platelet count but were affected by the concentration of arachidonic acid (AA) within the reference interval (17.4–40.5×1010/L). When serum samples from patients with hematological disorders were analyzed, the concentrations of AA were positively correlated with the platelet count. When the patients underwent ASA therapy, a marked decrease in the concentrations of thromboxane B2 (TXB2) and 12-hydroxyl-heptadecatrienoic acid (12-HHT) was observed. Considering the availability of serum samples in clinical settings, the serum analysis of eicosanoids may be clinically useful.